Vector-borne pathogens—or diseases transmitted by primarily ticks, mosquitoes or sandflies—a present a significant health risk to Service Member readiness and lethality as well as public health. USAMRD-G surveils vector-borne disease in arthropod populations, providing specimens for pathogen discovery efforts to partner organizations like public health entities, U.S. European Command
, the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research
, the Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit
and U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases
. USAMRD-G also supports military exercises within Georgia and the broader European command, providing vector surveillance and pathogen detection information to equip medical providers to understand disease threats in theater.
USAMRD-G’s program focuses primarily on force health protection efforts within the EUCOM area of responsibility, conducting vector surveillance with a particular focus on tick-borne pathogens like tick-borne encephalitis, Lyme disease and Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever; mosquito-borne pathogens like West Nile virus and sandfly-borne diseases like leishmaniasis. Geo-tagging and threat mapping of these disease vectors provides enhanced resolution on regional vector-borne threats, allowing public health and command surgeons a greater understanding of existing and novel diseases within their areas of responsibility.